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The Hudson Valley: Indigenous People's Spiritual Bond

The rich, verdant landscapes of Hudson Valley, New York are imbibed with an ancient resonance that echoes through time. This resonance originates from the area's centuries-long history, significantly shaped by the indigenous peoples who were the original guardians of this bountiful land.

Before Henry Hudson's famed journey up the river that now bears his name, the Hudson Valley was home to Mohicans, a Native American tribe also referred to as the Mahicans or Mohigans. Living amidst the valley's rolling hills were also the Lenni Lenape, also known as the Delawares, and the Haudenosaunee Confederacy or Iroquois which comprised of six nations - the Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora.

The indigenous inhabitants of this region had a profound spiritual bond with the land. The Hudson Valley was more than just a physical space; it was an integral part of their cultural fabric and deeply woven into their survival, serving as a source of food, shelter, and spiritual nourishment. They skillfully managed the land through controlled burns, nurturing, and harvesting diverse, native plant species beneficial to their health and sustenance.

These vibrant indigenous communities were matrilineal societies where women were esteemed as caretakers of the land and water, and lineage was traced through the mother. Women played a significant role in making decisions about community health, diplomacy, and territorial disputes.

However, with the onset of colonization, the indigenous population underwent tremendous change, facing displacement and strife. Yet, despite the immense hardships, they managed to persevere, maintaining their distinct identities, traditions, and rich cultural heritage.

Today, the Hudson Valley region is making efforts to honor its indigenous history. Educational programs through various museums highlight Native American culture and history. The Cheyenne artist, Edgar Heap of Birds, created an art installation at Dia: Beacon, recognizing the indigenous people of this region. With the second Monday of October marked to celebrate indigenous people, the Hudson Valley continues to support and sponsor awareness as well as create historical memorials. For more information visit the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area, New York at or download their brochure about the indigenous people's Hudson Valley heritage and history here.


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